Atoms, Electrons, Structure and Bonding.


This section covers the fundamental idea in chemistry, the core foundations to any course. If you're going to succeed to need to know all of this really well.


To help you with your studies I've made a playlist of teaching videos, and written a workbook for you. e-book or Paperback


Atoms, Electrons, Structure and Bonding - Advanced Chemistry for AP, A-Level and CBSE Class XII - YouTube

e-book; Paperback; Molymods; I'm constantly telling you the best...



Below are a list of things I would expect you to be able to do, I've linked to the YouTube video to help you understand, but if you want to see if you can really be confident in your knowledge try my workbook.


I can describe the structure of an atom   

I can explain the formation of ions             

I can explain the existence of isotopes     

I can describe, using experimental evidence, the development of models of the atom         

I can use a periodic table to determine the number of proton, neutrons and electrons, an atom, isotope or ion has                

I can draw dot and cross diagrams to illustrate ionic bonding        

I can explain the properties of ionic bonding with relation to the structure of ionic compounds   

I can recall the formula of common ions and subsequently determine the formula of ionic compounds      

I can draw dot and cross diagrams to illustrate covalent bonding, including dative coordinate bonding     

I can explain the properties of simple covalent and giant covalent compounds with relation to the structure.         

I can explain the properties of metallic bonding with relation to the structure.     

I can draw and write the electron configuration of elements, using shells, subshells and orbitals

I can describe σ and π bonds        

I can recall and draw the exceptions to the octet rule        

I can assign and use oxidation numbers  

I can determine the product of a reaction and give the balanced equation                

I can determine and accurately draw the shapes and bond angles of compounds

I can explain and use electron pair repulsion theory           

I can use the electronegativity of different element to determine if a molecule has polarity

I can describe hydrogen bonding

I can describe London dispersion forces 

I can describe interactions that involve a permanent dipole           


I’m constantly telling you the best way to learn is by practicing questions, so I’ve made you a book full of practice questions. Multiple choice questions to reflect the style of exam questions, activities to complete, equations for you to balance, compounds for you to work out the formula for, lots of things that you need to recall and practice long answer exam style questions. This book is not designed as a text book or revision guide, but as a workbook. There are lots of good (and bad) expensive and free revision guides out there, on my YouTube channel and other great websites. So there is no point in me adding to the masses. All the teaching, all the new content, is available for free on my YouTube channel, this book is for you to practice and learn. The best way to approach this is to watch the teaching video and make notes, or after class try a section and check the answers. Atoms, Electrons, Structure and Bonding Workbook Topics Covered are... -Atomic Structure – 20 Multiple choice questions -Properties of Ionic Compounds – 15 multiple choice questions -Reference table of common ions formulae -Formula of Ionic Compounds – 65 formulas to work out -Drawing Ionic Bonding – 10 Compounds -Simple Covalent Bonding – 20 multiple choice questions -Drawing Covalent Bonding – 10 Compounds -Summary Table for the 4 Different Types of Bonding -Electron configurations -Drawing electron configurations -Drawing Electron Configurations-Spot the mistake -Electronic Configuration – 20 multiple choice questions -Exceptions to the Octet Rule -Oxidation Numbers – 20 multiple choice questions -Balancing Equations using the oxidation numbers method – 20 to practice -Salt Equations – 20 equations to complete and balance -Shapes of Molecules Investigation -Shapes of Molecules and Bond Angles – 20 multiple choice questions -Electronegativity and Bond Polarity Investigation -Intermolecular Bonding – 10 multiple choice questions -Electrons, Structure and Bonding Practice Exam Questions -Answers Answers are provided for the sections where you need to work out the answers for yourself, not the sections where you are just filling things in from a video or website. Some of this content has also been published in the Summer Start to A-Level Chemistry and a practice exam paper Any corrections that are needed after the book is published will be listed on my website, these will be corrected in the next version of the book